ECG in PE - Not What You Were Taught

Short Attention Span Summary

ECG changes in PE
Comparing baseline and new ECG findings in patients with known PE, they found new T-wave inversions in the inferior leads in one third, T-wave flattening in 30%, new sinus tachycardia in 25%, and no change in 25%.

Spoon Feed
ECG changes are common in PE, most often new inferior T-wave inversions or flattening or new sinus tachycardia.  But 1/4 had no change.


Abstract

J Emerg Med. 2016 Oct 11. pii: S0736-4679(16)30720-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2016.09.009. [Epub ahead of print]

New Electrocardiographic Changes in Patients Diagnosed with Pulmonary Embolism.

Co I1, Eilbert W2, Chiganos T3.

Author information:

1Division of Critical Care, Department of Emergency Medicine and Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

3Department of Emergency Medicine, Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, Illinois.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The electronic medical record is a relatively new technology that allows quick review of patients' previous medical records, including previous electrocardiograms (ECGs). Previous studies have evaluated ECG patterns predictive of pulmonary embolism (PE) at the time of PE diagnosis, though none have examined ECG changes in these patients when compared with their previous ECGs.

OBJECTIVE:

Our aim was to identify the most common ECG changes in patients with known PE when their ECGs were compared with their previous ECGs.

METHODS:

A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with PE in the emergency department was performed. Each patient's presenting ECG was compared with their most recent ECG obtained before diagnosis of PE.

RESULTS:

A total of 352 cases were reviewed. New T wave inversions, commonly in the inferior leads, were the most common change found, occurring in 34.4% of cases. New T wave flattening, also most commonly in the inferior leads, was the second most common change, occurring in 29.5%. A new sinus tachycardia occurred in 27.3% of cases. In 24.1% of patients, no new ECG changes were noted, with this finding more likely to occur in patients younger than 60 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

The most common ECG changes when compared with previous ECG in the setting of PE are T wave inversion and flattening, most commonly in the inferior leads, and occurring in approximately one-third of cases. Approximately one-quarter of patients will have a new sinus tachycardia, and approximately one-quarter will have no change in their ECG.

Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

PMID: 27742402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]